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电梯使用安全十问十答,这些知识每个人都应该知道!(下)

2019-04-29  来自: 宿迁富邦电梯有限公司 浏览次数:178

四、电梯更新、改造、重大维修及日常维修费用由谁支付?

  DA:DIANTIDERICHANGWEIHUBAOYANGHEYIBANWEIXIUFEIYONGYOUDIANTISHIYONGDANWEIZHIFU,DIANTIDEGENGXIN、GAIZAO、ZHONGDAXIULIYINGYOUSHIYONGDANWEIWEITUOJUYOUXIANGYINGZIZHIDESHIGONGDANWEISHISHI,SUOXUFEIYONGKEYITONGGUODONGYONGSHIYONGDANWEIGUANLIJINGFEI、YEZHUZICHOU、YIZHAOYOUGUANGUIDINGTIQUZHUZHAIZHUANXIANGWEIXIUZIJINDENGFANGSHIJINXINGLIEZHI。RUOZHUZHAIZHUANXIANGWEIXIUZIJINBUZUHUOZHEWUZHUZHAIZHUANXIANGWEIXIUZIJINDE,ZEYOUDIANTICHANQUANSUOYOUZHECHOUJI。

  WU、DIANTIDEWEIBAOZHUYAOYOUNAXIEYAOQIU?

  答:(一)至少每15日对电梯进行一次清洁、润滑、调整和检查等维护保养工作,做好维护保养记录,并经使用单位电梯安全管理人员签字确认,在电梯轿厢内的显著位置张贴公示近期电梯维护保养情况。

  (ER)SHISHIWEIHUBAOYANGDEDIANTIYINGDANGCAIQUWEIBI、JINGSHIDENGANQUANFANGHUCUOSHI,FANGZHIYIWAIFASHENG。

  (SAN)JIANLIDIANTIDERICHANGWEIHUBAOYANGJILUHEANQUANJISHUDANGAN,ZHENSHIJILUWEIHUBAOYANGQINGKUANG,DANGANBAOCUNQIBUSHAOYU4NIAN。

  (SI)ZHIDINGYINGJICUOSHIHEJIUYUANYUAN,MEIBANNIANZHISHAOZHENDUIBENDANWEIWEIBAODEBUTONGLEIBIE(LEIXING)DIANTIJINXINGYICIYINGJIYANLIAN。

  (WU)GONGBUYINGJIJIUYUANDIANHUA,SHIXING24XIAOSHIZHIBANZHIDU,BAOZHENGJIEDAOGUZHANGTONGZHIHOUJISHIYUYIPAICHU。JIEDAODIANTIKUNRENGUZHANGBAOGAOHOU,WEIXIURENYUANJISHIDIDASUOWEIBAODIANTISUOZAIDISHISHIXIANCHANGJIUYUAN,SHIQUDIDASHIJIANBUCHAOGUO30FENZHONG,QITADIQUYIBANBUCHAOGUO1XIAOSHI。

  (LIU)MEINIANANZHAOANQUANJISHUGUIFANYAOQIUDUIDIANTIJINXINGYICIZIXINGJIANCHA,CHUJUZIXINGJIANCHABAOGAO,DIANTIYOUXIAOQIJIEMANQIANYIGEYUEXIEZHUDIANTISHIYONGDANWEIZUOHAODIANTIDINGQIJIANYANDESHENQINGGONGZUO,PEIHEJIANYANJIANCEJIGOUZUOHAODIANTIDINGQIJIANYANHEANQUANJISHUPINGGUDENGJIANYANJIANCEGONGZUO。

  (QI)MEINIANYINGDINGQIZUZHIDIANTIWEIHUBAOYANGRENYUANJINXINGANQUANJIAOYUYUPEIXUN,BINGBAOCUNANQUANJIAOYUHEJINENGPEIXUNJILUBUSHAOYU2NIAN。

  (BA)ZUNSHOUQITAFALVFAGUIXIANGGUANYAOQIU,ZUNSHOUXINGYEZILVGONGYUE,CHENGXINSHOUFAJINGYING。

  LIU、BEIKUNZAIDIANTILIHUIZHIXIMA?FASHENGKUNTISHICHENGKEYINGZENMEZUO?

  DA:DIANTIJIAOXIANGBUSHIWANQUANMIFENGDEXIANGTI,ZAIZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,HUANQISHANHUIBAOCHIGONGZUOZHUANGTAI,TINGDIANSHI,YEKETONGGUOJIAOXIANGKONGXISHIXIANKONGQILIUTONG。YINCI,BUBIDANXINBEIKUNZAIJIAOXIANGLIHUIZHIXI。

  DIANTISHIYUNDONGDEZIDONGHUACHENGDUJIAOGAODEJIDIANSHEBEI,YOUYUGEZHONGYUANYINKENENGHUICHUXIANGUZHANG。DANGDIANTIFASHENGGUZHANGSHI,ANQUANBAOHUZHUANGZHIHUISHIDIANTITINGZHIYUNXING,QIDAOBAOHUCHENGKEZUOYONG。DANGCHENGKEBEIKUNDIANTISHI,ZHENGQUEDEYINGDUICUOSHISHI:

  (YI)CHENGKEYINGBAOCHILENGJING,ANYADIANTIJIAOXIANGNEIDEJINJIBAOJINGANNIUHUOYONGSHOUJIDENGTONGXINGONGJUBODAJIAOXIANGNEIGONGBUDEYINGJIJIUYUANDIANHUAHUO“119”,YUDIANTISHIYONGDANWEI、WEIBAODANWEIHUOXIAOFANGZHIHUIZHONGXINQUDELIANXI,GAOZHIKUNTIQINGKUANG,TONGZHITAMENQIANLAISHISHIJIUYUAN;

  (ER)CHENGKEQIEWUQIANGXINGDAKAIDIANTIMEN,FANGZHIGAOKONGZHUILUOHUOYIWAISHANGHAIFASHENG,NAIXINDENGDAIJIUYUAN。

  QI、CHENGZUODIANTIYOUSHIGANJUEDAO“LIUTI”SHIZENMEHUISHI?

  答:一种情况是电梯在日常使用中,当控制系统检测到某个部件出现故障时,如平层感应器故障、电压不稳、门锁突然断开又立即闭合等原因,都会触发电梯的安全保护功能,使电梯以检修速度(标准规定不超过0.63米/秒)运行到指定层站或者基站复位,重新设置平层等参数后恢复运行。在复位过程中轿厢内的所有操作功能将暂时失效,许多乘客误以为电梯发生了“溜梯”,实则不然,这种情况是电梯的“复位”或“返基站”,其原理类似于电脑重启,这是电梯正常的自我调节保护功能。因此,乘客不必过度惊慌,可以在电梯停稳、人员撤离后,及时通知电梯维保单位检修排除。另一种情况是电梯轿厢因超载、曳引钢丝绳打滑等原因造成制动能力不足或者曳引能力下降,导致电梯轿厢下滑,造成电梯“溜梯”现象。遇到这种情况,电梯下滑速度超过设定数值时,限速器和安全钳会动作,将电梯轿厢掣停在导轨上,电梯停止运行,防止轿厢坠落,以保护乘客安全。出现这种情况,乘客被困电梯时,应当及时拨打救援电话,等待救援。这种情况是比较危险的,因此在使用电梯时严禁超载,同时做好电梯的维护保养是十分重要的。

  BA、RICHANGCHENGTIYOUNAXIEZHUYISHIXIANG?

  DA:(YI)KANDAODIANTIYOUWEIDANGZAIJINXINGWEIXIUHEBAOYANGZUOYESHI,JINZHICHENGTI;

  (ER)QINGWUZAIDIANTIMENQUYUTINGLIU,JINCHUSHIZHUYIGUANCHAJIAOXIANGWEIZHI,ZUODAOKUAIJINKUAICHU,BUYAODITOUWANSHOUJI,BUYAOYONGSHOUHUOSHENTIZUDANGDIANTIMEN,RUXUBAOCHIDIANTIMENDAKAIZHUANGTAI,YINGSHIYONGWAIZHAOANNIUHUOJIAOXIANGNEIKAIMENANNIU;

  (SAN)RENHEQINGKUANGXIADOUJINZHIBAMENHEDAKAIJIAODINGANQUANCHUANG,YIMIANZHUILUODIANTIJINGDAO;

  (SI)JINZHIYONGYIWUKAZHUDIANTITINGJIAOMENZHONGJIAN,RENWEIZUZHIDIANTIGUANMEN。BANYUNZHONGWUXUZHANGSHIJIANSHIYONGDIANTISHI,QINGYUSHIYONGDANWEIGUANLICHULIANXI;

  (WU)JINZHICHAOZAIYUNXING,CHAOZAILINGXIANGSHIHOUJINZHETUICHU;

  (LIU)SHENTIQINGWUYIKAODIANTIMEN,YIMIANDIANTIKAIMENSHISHUAISHANG;

  (QI)BUDEZAIDIANTINEIXIXI、DANAO、BENGTIAO,BAOCHIMENDIKANHEJIAOXIANGQINGJIE,WULUANRENGGUOPIZAWU,JIANSHAODIANTIGUZHANG;

  (BA)XUELINGQIANERTONGYINGZAICHENGNIANRENPEITONGJIANHUXIACHENGYONGDIANTI;

  (JIU)XIEDAICHONGWUCHENGZUODIANTISHI,YINGDUICHONGWUJINXINGYOUXIAOKONGZHI;

  (SHI)JINZHIFEIRENYUANCHAIXIEHEWEIXIUDIANTI,HUOYONGSANJIAOYAOCHIDAKAITINGMEN,YIMIANFASHENGYIWAISHIGU;

  (SHIYI)FASHENGDIZHEN、HUOZAISHIQIEWUCHENGZUODIANTI。

  JIU、CHENGZUOZIDONGFUTIYOUNAXIEZHUYISHIXIANG?

  DA:(YI)DACHENGZIDONGFUTIQIANYINGQUERENFUTIYUNXINGFANGXIANG,SHUNXIANGCHENGTI,SHOUWOFUSHOUDAIZHANLI;

  (ER)DACHENGZIDONGFUTIQIANYINGLIUXINSONGSAN、TUOYEDEFUSHI(RUZHANGQUN、LIFUHUODONGDONGXIEDENG),ZHANLIWEIZHIBUYAOGUOYUKAOJINTIJIBIANYUAN,YIFANGBEITIJIBIANYUAN、SHUCHIBAN、WEIQUNBANHUONEIGAIBANGUAZHUAI;

  (SAN)YINGYOUERYINGYOUCHENGNIANRENBAOZHUDACHENG,LUNYIBUDEJINRUFUTI;

  (SI)JINZHISHOUTUIYINGERCHE、GOUWUTUICHEJINRUZIDONGFUTI,CHONGWUYINGBAOZHU;

  (WU)QIEJIJIANGTOUBU、ZHITISHENCHUFUSHOUZHUANGZHIYIWAI,YIFANGSHOUDAOLOUBAN、TIANHUABANDENGZHANGAIWUDEZHUANGJI;

  (LIU)BUDEZAIZIDONGFUTISHANGPANPA、WANSHUA、SUIYIPAODONG,BUYAOZAIZIDONGFUTICHURUKOUCHUZHILIU,BUYAOJIANGSHENTIYIKAOZAIZIDONGFUTIHUOZIDONGRENXINGDAOTIJICEWEIQUNBANHUOFUSHOUDAISHANG;

  (QI)FASHENGJINJIQINGKUANGSHI,KELIJIANXIAFUTILIANGDUANSHEZHIDEHONGSETINGZHIANNIU,TINGZHIZIDONGFUTIDEYUNXING。

  SHI、GUANYULAOJIUDIANTIGUANLIMUQIANYOUHEYAOQIU?

  答:按照《福建省电梯安全管理办法》规定,电梯使用年限达到15年时,使用单位应委托特种设备检验检测机构进行安全性能技术评估,检验检测机构应提出继续使用、维修、改造或报废的意见。

  YIBANLAISHUO,DIANTISHIYONGNIANXIANCHAOGUO15NIANCHENGWEILAOJIUDIANTI。SUOWEIDEANQUANPINGGU,TASHIZAINIANJIANDEJICHUSHANGJILAOJIUDIANTIZUODEYICI“QUANMIANTIJIAN”。PINGGUBAOGAOZHUYAOSHIDUIDIANTICUNZAIDEZHUYAOFENGXIAN、DIANTIXITONGCUNZAIDEWEIXIANYOUHAIYINSUTICHUZHENDUIXINGDEZHENGGAIYIJIAN,YICITIGAODIANTIDEANQUANJISHUXINGNENG。

关键词: 电梯安全   电梯知识